Remote Ancient Times:
Xia (2100BC - 1600BC), Shang (1600BC - 1100BC), Zhou (1100BC - 221BC)
Spring and Autumn Period (770BC - 476BC)
Warring States Period (476BC - 256BC)
After-Qin Feudal Dynasties:
Qin (221BC - 206BC) - China became a unified nation for the first time
Han (206BC - 220AD)
Three Kingdoms Period (220AD - 280AD) - split
Jin (265AD - 420AD) - split
Northen and Southern (420AD - 589AD) - split
Sui (581AD - 618AD)
Tang (618AD - 907AD)
Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms (907AD - 960AD) - split
Song (960AD - 1279AD) - unified in northern Song, split in Southern Song
Yuan (1279AD - 1368AD)
Ming (1368AD - 1644AD)
Qing (1644AD - 1911AD)
Administrative Divisions (34):
*Province: 23 (including Taiwan)
*Autonomous Region: 5 (Tibet, Xinjiang Uyghur, Inner Mongolia, Ningxia Hui, Guangxi Zhuang)
*Municipality: 4 (Beijing, Shanghai, Tianjin, Chongqing)
*Special Administrative Region: 2 (Hongkong, Macau)
***Taiwan (claimed by the PRC, controlled by the Republic of China)
>The People's Republic of China (PRC), established in 1949, commonly known as China, has control over mainland China and the largely self-governing territories of Hong Kong (since 1997) and Macau (since 1999) as well as many islands.
>The Republic of China (ROC) established in 1912 in mainland China, now commonly known as Taiwan, since 1945 has had control over the island of Taiwan and a few other outlying islands.
Shanghai is one of the largest cities by population (23 millions) in China and the world. The city is located in the middle of China’s east coast, and sits at the mouth of the Yangtze River. Due to its rapid growth over the last two decades it has again become a global city, exerting influence over diverse perspectives.
Once a fishing and textiles town, Shanghai grew into importance in the 19th century due to its favourable port location and was one of the cities opened to foreign trade by the 1842 Treaty of Nanjing which was signed with disgrace after China lost the Opium War to British. The city then flourished as a centre of commerce between east and west, and became a multinational hub of finance and business in the 1930s.
In 1990, the economic reforms introduced by Deng Xiaoping resulted in an intense re-development of the city, aiding the return of finance and foreign investment to the city. Shanghai is now aimed at being international centers in the fields of finance, commerce, convention and shipping in the future.